Arturius - A Quest For Camelot - The Legend of King Arthur
Arturius - A Quest For Camelot - The Legend of King Arthur

The Battle Of Camlann

Arturius - A Quest for CamelotAccording to legend, Arthur's last battle was fought against Modred, the son of Lot the King of the Picts. Modred was therefore a Pict. According to the Annals of Wales, this battle involving Arthur and Modred was fought in the year 539 AD, while according to the Norman-Welsh Cleric Geoffrey of Monmouth it was fought in 542 AD.

In fact in reality the only battle in historical records fought between Arthur and the Britons on one side and the Picts on the other was fought by Arthur son of Aidan. There is no other.

The Annals of Ulster record it as the battle of Manann fought in 582 AD. Adomnan writing 100 years later calls it the battle of the Miathi (the name of the Pictish tribe involved). Legend called it the battle of Camlann.

Despite the difference in names, these are all one and the same battle. The full name for the legendary version should be the battle of Camallan, which means the crooked Allan. The battle fought by Arthur and the Picts was fought somewhere near the river Allan and this would account for the legendary name Camallan or "Crooked Allan". The word "Cam" meant crooked.

Adomnan, the 7th century AD monk who wrote the "Life of Columba", described how Arthur (Arturius) died in battle against the Miathi Picts. Adomnan however did not give a date for the battle.

The "Annals of Ulster" record a battle of Manann in the year 582AD, and describe it as a victory for Aidan, the father of Arthur (Arturius). Manann was a kingdom which lay on the south bank of the River Forth, directly opposite the Ochill Hills. These hills were inhabited by the Miathi Picts.

The "Annals of Tighernac" however, describe Arthur's death at the battle of Circenn in 596 AD, also against the Picts. Whichever date is correct does not really matter - the most important thing is that we have evidence of Arthur from two separate historical sources:

  1. Adomnan's "Life of Columba" - 7th century AD.
  2. The "Annals of Tighernac" - 11th century, but copied from earlier contemporary accounts.

Arthur and the Britons of Manann (the Gododdin) fought this battle against the Picts. The Picts later marked the site with a large stone to commemorate the battle. Long after Arthur and the Britons had been forgotten, later historians understandably credited the battle site to King Kenneth Mac Alpine, a 9th century AD king of the Scots.

There is however no evidence to support the belief that Kenneth Mac Alpine ever fought here. On the other hand there is indisputable historical evidence, contained within Adomnan's 'Life of Columba' to suggest that it was actually the site where Arthur and the Britons fought the Picts, in the last fatal battle of Camlann.

Manann Map

1. Site of Roman Fortress at Camelon/Camelot near Falkirk.
2. Invalone (Avalon).
3. Pictish stone marking probable site of Battle of Manann (Battle of Camlann) NN.
4. Dumyat - Fort of the Miathi / Maetae Picts.
5. Round Table (Kings Knot) at Stirling.

The Royal Family of the Scots of Dalriada

Perhaps the best way to prove that the Battle of the Miathi and the Battle of Camlaan are one and the same is to pretend that you are living in the future, five hundred years from now.

Imagine that almost all historical records have been lost or destroyed, perhaps as a result of a nuclear conflict, or some other such catastrophe. You have heard tales of a legendary battle which supposedly occurred several hundred years earlier, fought between the English and the French, which resulted in the death of the leader of the English, a warrior with the unusual name, Nelson.

As you research fragments of historical records still extant, you come across an account of a battle where the opponents are English on one side, and French on the other, and the battle resulted in the death of the leader of the English, a warrior called Nelson.

You would of course have come across an account of the Battle of Trafalgar. Not only a real battle, but the only one in history where the English and French fought, and the English leader called Nelson was killed.

Because of the fact that the leader Nelson died in this battle, there could not possibly be another.

Do you suppose if you searched for another fifty years you would find another battle where the opponents and result were the same? Of course you wouldn't - in fact we know from history that there is no other such battle.

The position is exactly the same when searching for an account of the legendary Battle of Camlaan, where the opponents are Britons on one side, Picts on the other, and the end result is the death of a leader called Arthur.

When you search through the extant historical evidence and find an account in Adomnan's "Life of Columba" where he describes a battle in which the opponents are Britons on one side, Picts on the other, and the result is the death of a leader called Arthur (Arturius), you know that this battle - which he calls the "Battle of the Miathi" - and the legendary Battle of Camlaan are one and the same.

As with the Battle of Trafalgar, if you search another fifty years, do you suppose you will find any other?

The name Arthur (Arturius) is found very rarely in historical records. In fact the only one found in a genuine historical record of the 7th century AD is Arthur the son of Aidan, King of Dalriada. Arthur the leader is every bit as rare as Nelson is.

When we find then that this same Arthur fought and died in a battle where the opponents were Britons and Picts, we can be certain that the historical "Battle of the Miathi" can be identified with the legendary "Battle of Camlaan".

Many people still believe that Arthur - if he existed - was connected with Wales and Cornwall, although no historical evidence has been found in these two regions - have you ever wondered why? Due to the lack of evidence from these two regions, Arthur has come to be regarded as a mythical figure, yet the evidence has always been available in the Irish and Scottish records, where Arthur is not a figure of mythology, but a real historical character.

King Arthur - The Legend of King Arthur